On 4 August 2000, the new
DPP-government of President Chen Shui-bian announced that it was
restarting the campaign for Taiwan to enter the United Nations.
Since its inception in
September 1986, the Democratic Progressive Party has advocated UN
membership for the island, arguing that the people on the island
should not be excluded from a world organization that claims itself
to be a "universal" organization.
In the late 1980s and early
1990s, the DPP initiated various campaigns and even some large-scale
street demonstrations in Taipei, Kaohsiung and Taichung in support
of UN membership. However, it wasn't until Spring 1993 that the
then-ruling Kuomintang started to support the idea of UN membership
and each year asked other nations with which they had diplomatic
ties to sumbit a request to put the issue on the agenda of the
General Assembly -- only to be defeated by a blocking by the PRC.
The traditional difference
between the DPP's and Kuomintang's approach has been that the DPP
advocated new membership for Taiwan under the name "Taiwan",
while the Kuomintang pushed for re-admission under the "Republic
of China" name.
The present application is
still under the "Republic of China" name, but the DPP
government has dropped any references to "eventual unification"
or "One China", and instead emphasizes a peaceful
resolution and calling on the UN to serve as a forum to help settle
the differences accross the Taiwan Strait peacefully.
Below, we present an
overview of recent reports. In the left bar are links to UN
campaigns in previous years.