"One China, One Taiwan"
Resolution introduced in the House
Washington, 29 July 1999
On Thursday, 29 July 1999, a Resolution was introduced in the U.S.
House of Representatives, urging that the United States should
recognize Taiwan's independence if the people of Taiwan opt for such
status, and that the United States should immediately adopt a "One
China, One Taiwan Policy" which reflects the present day reality
that Taiwan and China are two separate nations.
The resolution was co-sponsored by a bi-partisan group of
Representatives, including Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Steve Chabot (R-OH),
Peter Deutsch (D-FL), Robert E. Andrews (D-NJ), Thomas G. Tancredo
(R-CO), Merrill Cook (R-UT), John E. Sweeney (R-NY), and Bob Schaffer
United States House of Representatives
106th CONGRESS 1st Session
Concurrent Resolution H. CON. RES. 166
Expressing the sense of the Congress that the United States
should adopt a One China, One Taiwan Policy which reflects the present
day reality that Taiwan and China are two separate nations.
- Whereas the people of Taiwan have established a vibrant democracy
on the island of Taiwan;
- Whereas the People's Republic of China, which was established in
1949, has not for a single day exercised sovereignty over Taiwan;
- Whereas, since 1991, the government of Taiwan no longer claims to
be the sole legitimate government of all of China;
- Whereas the 1972 United States-China Shanghai Communiqué
states that "The United States acknowledges that all Chinese on
either side of the Taiwan Strait maintain there is but one China and
Taiwan is part of China;"
- Whereas the people of Taiwan were not consulted in the conclusion
of the 1972 United States - China Shanghai Communiqué or the
subsequent United States-China communiqués;
- Whereas the People s Republic of China has used the One China
Policy to effectively block Taiwan's entrance into international
organizations that require statehood for membership, in particular
the United Nations and the World Health Organization;
- Whereas on July 9, 1999, the people of Taiwan through their
democratically elected leader, President Lee Teng-hui, for the first
time ever referred to Taiwan's ties with China as a "state-to-state"
relationship, thus effectively abolishing Taiwan's government's
long-held "One China Policy;"
- Whereas numerous opinion polls conducted in Taiwan indicate
overwhelming support among the Taiwanese people for this
- Whereas the United States One China Policy was rendered obsolete
by Taiwan's policy shift and no longer reflects reality, for the
Taiwan side of the Taiwan Strait has now effectively stated that it
no longer holds the belief that Taiwan is part of China;
Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the House of
Representatives (the Senate concurring), That it is the sense of the
Congress that --
- The United States should commend the people of Taiwan for having
established a democracy on Taiwan over the past decades and for
repeatedly reaffirming its dedication to democratic ideals; and
- the United States should recognize Taiwan's independence if the
people of Taiwan opt for such status through a democratic mechanism,
including a plebiscite; and
- in the interim, the United States should immediately adopt a "One
China, One Taiwan Policy" which reflects the present day
reality that Taiwan and China are two separate nations.