Flags of Taiwan
On this page we present an overview of flags
that are relevant for Taiwan. We want to give a better understanding
of the sensitivities associated with the flags shown.
1895 Taiwan Republic
This is the flag of the 1895 Taiwan Republic, which
was established on 25 May 1895 after the
Treaty. It was the first independent republic in Asia.
However, on 29 May 1895, a Japanese military force of over 12,000
soldiers landed in Northern Taiwan, and started to crush the
movement. On 21 October 1895, Japanese imperial troops entered
Tainan, the southern capital of the Taiwan Republic, ending its
The Kuomintang Party
This logo was adopted by Sun Yat-sen's Society for
Regenerating China in 1895. The crimson background (see below) was
added to the society's flag before the 1911 Chinese revolution. The
society became the Kuomintang in 1919 . It came over from China and
occupied Taiwan following the defeat of the KMT at the end of the
Chinese Civil War, 1945-49.
The "Republic of China";
This flag was proclaimed the flag of China in 1921.
It is at the moment still the official flag of Taiwan, or "Republic
of China", as it is referred to by the Chinese mainlanders (13%
of the population) who came over from China with Chiang Kai-shek. To
the native Taiwanese (85% of the population), it became a symbol of
repression during the Kuomintang's four decades of martial law.
World United Formosans for Independence
This flag is the symbol of the World United
Formosans for Independence, the prime organization advocating Taiwan
independence. WUFI was established in 1970 through a merger of four
existing overseas Taiwanese organizations in Japan, Europe, the
United States, and Canada.
Democratic Progressive Party
This is the flag of the Democratic Progressive
Party, which was established on 28 September 1986 in spite of the
Kuomintang's repression and martial law. The green color symbolizes
the hope for the island's future as a free and democratic nation.
The island Taiwan on the broad white cross symbolizes the island at
The four-hearted flag
This flag was devised in Taiwan in 1996 in the "New
Flag, New Anthem" campaign: the flag depicted here was selected
after a wide competition in which 187 different flags were entered.
- the green color symbolizes the natural
beauty of the island and the need to protect the environment,
- the white color represents the
original purity of the people on the island, and the desire to
preserve this natural beauty, and
- The symbol in the middle depicts four
hearts in harmony, representing the four population groups on
the island -- aborigines, Hakka, Min-nan Taiwanese, and
mainlanders -- who have to learn to live together in peace.
World Taiwanese Congress
This flag became the prime symbol of the Taiwanese
movement at the beginning of 2001. It is the flag of the
Congress (WTC), formally established in Taipei in March 2001
as the major overseas Taiwanese umbrella organization.